HC heat network National Development and Reform Commission Energy The recently released "2050 China Energy And carbon emissions report "shows that by 2020, Energy And new energy industries and other Environmental protection At least 2 trillion yuan industry about funding gap to be filled. "Report" is expected in the next 15 years, the state will establish a new energy and renewable energy development investment funds and attracting private capital, and encourage outstanding renewable energy companies listed.
"Report" that, if we consider China to reduce import role in promoting the economy and reduce investment in domestic energy industry to increase investment in some new industries brought about by the effects of carbon taxes on GDP Losses caused will be very limited, and may even become a positive influence and inhibiting a positive effect on energy prices.
In addition, the implementation of the international climate change being discussed border adjustment tax, carbon tax on imported goods, "report" that "even if China does not receive a carbon tax, the export products in foreign countries may also pay a carbon tax; if China's carbon tax, it may be to avoid the carbon tax in a foreign country. ".
"In the long term, using carbon taxes or energy taxes combined with the carbon tax is a viable option." "Report" puts forward the transition from energy taxes to carbon taxes, carbon taxes can start from a lower tax rate, after and then gradually increased; and proposed energy tax collection 4 to 5 years after the carbon tax, and energy taxes early can be mixed together existing tax. Before the implementation of a carbon tax while 3 to 4 years, announced the implementation of carbon tax schedule and tax rates for businesses and consumers to consider when investing.
"Report" that renewable energy and energy efficiency industries will be the focus of future development and will be a hot area of investment.
"In the next 15 years, the state of renewable energy development and utilization of the main task is to select the national economy Ecological Environment Great value in building key technology research and development, pilot demonstration of these technologies to enhance scientific and technological achievements, facilitate the formation of industry.
"" Report "that include the expansion of its market share, market competition and the introduction into the quota policy to ensure access, further development of the market and to achieve diversification of investment and financing, that the establishment of new energy and renewable energy development and attracting private investment funds capital, and encourage outstanding renewable energy companies listed.
New energy and renewable energy investment in China will also become a hot spot. According to the U.S. Energy Foundation and the National Development and Reform Commission jointly forecast from 2005 to 2020, China needs energy investment 18 trillion yuan, of which energy conservation, new energy and environmental needs of about 7 trillion yuan, an average annual saving Green Market Size to four hundred billion yuan 300 billion yuan. The current investment in this market in China each year than 100 billion yuan. The report predicts that, according to the current investment growth rate, annual funding gap of about 200 billion yuan by 2020, energy saving and new energy industry and other environmental industry is about at least 2 trillion funding gap to be filled. "Report" is therefore proposed to accelerate capital market development, expand funding sources, pay attention to the diversification of financing innovation. Which proposed to encourage community and private venture capital and state capital Cooperation For new construction and operation of energy projects, energy projects should completely open the whole society.
In order both to ensure economic development and can effectively deal with climate change, "report" on economic growth and protect the efficiency of rigid carbon premise Reduction Given system of programs and policy recommendations. "Report" that: "the system of emission reduction programs and policy measures should be in promoting market-oriented basis, to remedy market failures related to."
"Report" the proposed policy focusing their efforts on saving coal, that is the priority market of coal industry and collection of resources tax and environmental taxes. This will lead to rising coal prices by 23.1%, while reducing their consumption of 6.9% Oil And natural gas consumption grew 0.83%.
For new energy development, "report" that: "From the perspective of Social Discount Rate, no government support can not be depleted (low) carbon energy sources is worth it. This strategic move will lead to world power changes in the pattern, which may lead to new energy on a large-scale alternative to fossil fuels. "" Report "forecasts that if such a scenario, our country started from 2028 there will be zero carbon emissions growth, 2036 will be a sustained negative growth.
"Report" also estimated that if China is to develop truly low-carbon economy, invest each year an additional one trillion yuan. Varieties from the energy, final energy demand of various sectors to reduce the contribution to the total volume of view, the contribution of the amount of coal ranks first in all kinds of energy, followed by oil, heat and power; industrial sector to reduce energy demand is greatest, Second, traffic, civil, service and agriculture.
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